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20
Sun, Jan

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Estimado Lector,  

En palabras de Sheryl Sandberg, COO de Facebook: “La Tecnología le pone un nombre y una cara, - una verdadera identidad – a todos aquellos que eran invisibles antes, y permite oír voces que de otra manera no podrían ser oídas.” 1 

Nuestras preguntas, catalizadores de esta edición, giran en torno a ¿cómo la tecnología permite a las voces ser oídas en el sector social y cómo el avance de la tecnología acelera el intercambio de buenas ideas? Estas preguntas son propias del Social Innovations Journal ya que estamos motivados por la creencia de que “el potencial de las buenas ideas para inspirar más buenas ideas no puede ser subestimado” y capitalizamos las herramientas tecnológicas para el intercambio de estas ideas de manera global.  

Con el fin de proporcionar un contexto, la tecnología digital continúa impulsando la innovación social en todo el mundo a través de la conectividad, nuevos sistemas de producción y nuevas formas de empleo. Al mismo tiempo, la tecnología digital también ha otorgado ciertas formas de trabajos prescindibles y los ha introducido en una era de incertidumbre y volatilidad.  Este contraste ha promovido el debate en torno a los beneficios y daños del avance tecnológico sobre la pasada década, y continuará incrementándose en los próximos años.  

El Social Innovations Journal le da protagonismo a América Latina para explorar estos contrastes. América Latina, una región caracterizada por sus contrastes, se enfrenta simultáneamente con el impacto negativo del mundo digitalizado y con la innovación en la tecnología digital para conducir el crecimiento económico y una mayor conectividad. América Latina está viendo la proliferación de laboratorios tecnológicos, incubadoras, programas universitarios para satisfacer la creciente demanda de productos digitales y la fuerza laboral capacitada necesaria para producirlos.  Tal como esta situación lo muestra, la región se está moviendo para ir al compás con el avance tecnológico e integrarlo con el ecosistema digital global. El sector social en América Latina, incluyendo Universidades y filántropos, ha producido modelo para que la región pueda integrar sus instituciones a esta nueva economía digital. Para cerrar la brecha de productividad entre los países de América Latina y los países desarrollados, es necesario incorporar la tecnología en el proceso productivo y articularla con los objetivos de desarrollo de los países. A pesar de que ha habido progresos en este aspecto, la única manera lograrlos es mediante la creación de sociedades más justas e inclusivas. Para ello, dos aspectos esenciales deberían ser considerados: Por un lado, un cambio cultural a través del cual se promueva una manera de pensar innovadora. Y, por otro lado, la colaboración entre todos los sectores de la sociedad.  

Los invitamos a leer primero el artículo introductorio que enmarca el tema de esta edición Innovación Social y Tecnología en América Latina escrito por Maria Alejandra Navas, Directora para América Latina  el cual los sumergirá más profundamente en el Ecosistema de la Tecnología en América Latina.  

En el Social Innovations Journal, estamos constantemente pendientes de cómo evolucionará el sector social en la próxima década. América Latina puede ser vista como una ventana a través de la cual se pueden observar las fuerzas que están moldeando nuestra economía global y cómo nuestras instituciones están enfrentando este cambio. Nos llena de emoción presentarles esta edición, con la colaboración y coordinación de nuestra colega, María Alejandra Navas, la Directora para América Latina del Social Innovations Journal.

Cordialmente,  

Nicholas Torres
Tine Hansen-Turton
Co-Fundadores  

1Patricia Morizio. Huffington Post. Febrero 2013. 

 

Social Innovation and Technology in Latin America

María Alejandra Navas, Latin America Director, Social Innovations Journal 

El artículo se enfoca en el análisis de las oportunidades y desafíos que surgen para la región en una economía digital y cómo cerrar la brecha de productividad entre los países de América Latina y los países desarrollados en una nueva era basada en la tecnología. 

 

INTERPRETA Foundation: The Use of Technology in Humanitarian Work

Bastián Díaz

The Foundation was born in 2016 in Santiago, Chili, as an answer to problems of the migrant communities in Chili, a growing issue in recent years. Moving away from assisting solutions such as delivering breakfasts or giving Spanish courses to Haitians, the Foundation prefers to position itself as an example of innovation by using tools of the corporate world and technology to solve problems related to immigration issues.   

 

Local Innovation Ecosystems to Strengthen Agroecology in Colombia: The Preliminary Case of LabCampesino of Tierra Libre’s Organization

Juan David Reina and Julián Ortiz

The use of digital technologies based on free hardware to contribute to the promotion of agroecology is in itself an innovative idea. However, it is the process of social owning of science, technology, and innovation in the rural sector and specially from the rural population, which creates disruptive conditions facing the traditional practices of technological transfer. In this sense, the article presents the progress and opportunities that are creating the Tierra Libre Project and, in particular, its initiative of LabCampesino that aims to strengthen a social innovation’s ecosystem and to promote agroecological practices in the rural population of the province of Sumapaz, Colombia. 

 

The Social Innovations Scientific Park

Paula Estefanía Castaño

The Minuto de Dios Organization (MDO), created by Father Rafael García-Herreros in the second half of the 20th century, has focused its efforts on service to society as the driving force of each of its entities; these, always seeking to respond to social problems in Colombia in various aspects such as health, housing, education, and others. And it is thanks to this approach, that in 2012 the work of the Social Innovation Science Park (SISP) begins as a commitment to social innovation responding to social needs. In this, we will take a closer look at how the SISP came about, what it is, how it works, and its impact.

 

MPZero: Sustainable, Affordable, and Clean Heating Available for Everyone

Ricardo Soto

Every winter, the air pollution caused by the combustion of biomass for residential heating is one of the biggest environmental problems suffered by the cities of South-Central Chile. Because the use of wood-burning stoves is the most affordable heating method, it remains today, despite its negative environmental implications, the most used tool by the population of Chile, despite causing serious health problems in the community, especially for children and the elderly. MPzero is a device for reducing emissions of fine particulate material, developed in Chile, which captures up to 97 percent of the emissions produced by this heating equipment, helping to keep the air clean and heating costs low for families who do not have access to heating methods that produce less pollutions. 

 

Leader’s Profile: Martha Leticia Silva

María Alejandra Navas

The leader of tomorrow is humble and authentic, curious and sensitive, flexible to learn new things and adapt easily to changes. It is someone who does not give up and versatile enough to consider differences as opportunities for growth,  

I met Martha Leticia Silva Flores during a social innovation event organized by the CISAI, Center of High Impact Social Innovation, in Jalisco, Mexico last June. She is its director and the impression that she made when we met, and what I was able to learn about her in just a few days’ time, convinced me to write about her as a leader of tomorrow

 

Connecting Points: Intelligence on Field to Solve Social Problems

Iván Yza

Facing the search for the democratization of the media and the need to access new technological tools to allow for the solution of problems related to transparency and accountability, most of which we know little to nothing about their functioning or how to put them in operation, Virk came into existence in 2014. Virk had a clear objective: to create tools that will allow organizations to innovate in issues like the systematization and documentation of information in low-cost and user-friendly, simple ways. This enabled Virk to become a channel for innovations and avoid restrictions that most users have facing new technologies, and to develop the first tools for reports and documentations in Mexico and Latin America.   

 

English | Spanish

Dear Reader, 

In the words of Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook: “Technology puts a name and a face -- a true identity -- to those that were invisible before and gives sound to voices that otherwise could not be heard.” 1 

Our questions, the catalyst for this edition, are how does technology give sound to voices in the social sector and does the advancement of technology accelerate the sharing of good ideas? These questions are personal to the Social Innovation Journal as we are driven by the belief that “the potential for good ideas to inspire more good ideas cannot be underestimated” and we work to capitalize on technology tools to share these ideas globally. 

To provide some context, digital technology continues to drive social innovation across the world through connectivity, new production systems, and new forms of employment. At the same time, digital technology also has rendered certain forms of labor expendable and has ushered in an era of uncertainty and volatility. This contrast has driven the debate around the benefits and harms of technological advancement over the past decade and will only grow louder in the coming decade. 

The Social Innovations Journal shines a spotlight on Latin America to explore this contrast. Latin America, a region of many contrasts itself, simultaneously deals with the negative impacts of a digitalized world, while innovating with digital technology to drive economic growth and greater connectivity. Latin America has seen a proliferation of technology labs, incubators, and university programs to meet the growing demand for digital products and the skilled workforce needed to deliver them. As this issue demonstrates, the region moves to keep pace with technological advancement and integrate into the global digital ecosystem. The social sector in Latin America, including universities and philanthropies, has produced models for the region to bring institutions into this new digital economy. To close the productivity gap between Latin America’s countries and the developed countries, it is required to incorporate technology in the productive process and articulate it with the development objectives of the countries. Inasmuch as there has been progress in this matter, the only way to accomplish it is by creating more fair and inclusive societies. For that, two essential aspects should be considered:  

On one hand, a cultural change through which the innovative way of thinking is promoted. And, on the other hand, collaboration between all sectors of society. 

We encourage you first to read the introductory and framing article titled “Social Innovation and Technology in Latin America” by Maria Alejandra Navas, Latin America Director that provides a deep dive into Latin American’s Technology ecosystem. 

At the Social Innovations Journal, we constantly have our eye on how the social sector will evolve and advance in the coming decade. Latin America serves as a window into the forces shaping our global economy and how our institutions are managing this change. We are excited to present this edition, in collaboration and coordination with our colleague, María Alejandra Navas, the Latin America Director of the Social Innovations Journal.

Sincerely, 

Nicholas Torres
Tine Hansen-Turton
Co-Founders 

1Patricia Morizio, Hufflington Post, February 2013

 

Social Innovation and Technology in Latin America

María Alejandra Navas, Latin America Director, Social Innovations Journal 

The article focuses on the analysis of opportunities and challenges arising from the digital economy in the region and how to close the productivity gap between Latin America’s countries and the developed countries in a new era based on technology.

 

INTERPRETA Foundation: The Use of Technology in Humanitarian Work

Bastián Díaz

The Foundation was born in 2016 in Santiago, Chili, as an answer to problems of the migrant communities in Chili, a growing issue in recent years. Moving away from assisting solutions such as delivering breakfasts or giving Spanish courses to Haitians, the Foundation prefers to position itself as an example of innovation by using tools of the corporate world and technology to solve problems related to immigration issues.   

 

Local Innovation Ecosystems to Strengthen Agroecology in Colombia: The Preliminary Case of LabCampesino of Tierra Libre’s Organization

Juan David Reina and Julián Ortiz

The use of digital technologies based on free hardware to contribute to the promotion of agroecology is in itself an innovative idea. However, it is the process of social owning of science, technology, and innovation in the rural sector and specially from the rural population, which creates disruptive conditions facing the traditional practices of technological transfer. In this sense, the article presents the progress and opportunities that are creating the Tierra Libre Project and, in particular, its initiative of LabCampesino that aims to strengthen a social innovation’s ecosystem and to promote agroecological practices in the rural population of the province of Sumapaz, Colombia. 

 

The Social Innovations Scientific Park

Paula Estefanía Castaño

The Minuto de Dios Organization (MDO), created by Father Rafael García-Herreros in the second half of the 20th century, has focused its efforts on service to society as the driving force of each of its entities; these, always seeking to respond to social problems in Colombia in various aspects such as health, housing, education, and others. And it is thanks to this approach, that in 2012 the work of the Social Innovation Science Park (SISP) begins as a commitment to social innovation responding to social needs. In this, we will take a closer look at how the SISP came about, what it is, how it works, and its impact.

 

MPZero: Sustainable, Affordable, and Clean Heating Available for Everyone

Ricardo Soto

Every winter, the air pollution caused by the combustion of biomass for residential heating is one of the biggest environmental problems suffered by the cities of South-Central Chile. Because the use of wood-burning stoves is the most affordable heating method, it remains today, despite its negative environmental implications, the most used tool by the population of Chile, despite causing serious health problems in the community, especially for children and the elderly. MPzero is a device for reducing emissions of fine particulate material, developed in Chile, which captures up to 97 percent of the emissions produced by this heating equipment, helping to keep the air clean and heating costs low for families who do not have access to heating methods that produce less pollutions. 

 

Leader’s Profile: Martha Leticia Silva

María Alejandra Navas

The leader of tomorrow is humble and authentic, curious and sensitive, flexible to learn new things and adapts easily to changes. They are someone who does not give up and they are versatile enough to consider differences as opportunities for growth.  

I met Martha Leticia Silva Flores during a social innovation event organized by CISAI, Center of High Impact Social Innovation, in Jalisco, Mexico last June. As the Center’s direct she made quite an impression when we met, and what I was able to learn about her in just a few days’ time convinced me to write about her as a leader of tomorrow.

 

Connecting Points: Intelligence on Field to Solve Social Problems

Iván Yza

Facing the search for the democratization of the media and the need to access new technological tools to allow for the solution of problems related to transparency and accountability, most of which we know little to nothing about their functioning or how to put them in operation, Virk came into existence in 2014. Virk had a clear objective: to create tools that will allow organizations to innovate in issues like the systematization and documentation of information in low-cost and user-friendly, simple ways. This enabled Virk to become a channel for innovations and avoid restrictions that most users have facing new technologies, and to develop the first tools for reports and documentations in Mexico and Latin America.   

Dear Reader,

The Social Innovations Journal is driven by the belief that the potential for good ideas to inspire more good ideas cannot be underestimated. The value that social sector partnerships, entrepreneurs, and innovators bring to local communities and regions across the nation cannot be underestimated.

We believe one way to harness and advance this energy is through curating REGIONAL SOCIAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEMS by sourcing/publishing regional social innovations, social enterprises, and public private partnerships. For this reason, The Social Innovations Journal has joined forces with Impact Hub Seattle, Client Accelerator for Conscious Entrepreneurs, Social Venture Partners Seattle, Seattle Impact Investing Group, City of Seattle Innovation and Performance, and Fledge to publish a Special Edition highlighting Greater Seattle’s SOCIAL INNOVATION, SOCIAL ENTERPRISES, AND PUBLIC/PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS. This edition showcases Greater Seattle’s most innovative solutions to solve society’s toughest problems.   

This issue holds special relevance related to how two cities can share knowledge as it comes on the heel’s of a symposium held last month that included an incredibly diverse group of 145 cross-sector Philadelphia leaders who traveled to Seattle for the Economy League’s Greater Philadelphia Leadership Exchange (aka “GPLEX”), to study how the Emerald City works, moves, lives, thrives -- and how it deals with major challenges. Seattle has incredible wealth and a political system and culture conducive to collaborating with other communities to solve public problems. We applaud Seattle’s collective work that together is developing a pragmatic approach that finds points of common ground and leverages assets to advance social impact.   

Demonstrating the value of sharing good ideas to inspire more good ideas we look at some of the benefits provided to Philadelphia leaders.  

“The coming together cements us, sharpens our ability to problem solve. The ROI is higher because we get to know Philly’s leadership, our collective self-reliance increases because we know our context.” – Beth Miller, Executive Director, Community Design Collaborative

“You know what’s the most important thing to me? Data. Data I did not have before. I am more informed.” – David Grasso, CEO Grasso Holdings

"I’ve walked away energized and determined to see how I can be part of the solutions that may enable us to apply some of the lessons observed into lessons learned and acted upon." – Michael Mittleman, President, Salus University

Read more in the introductory article by Jeff Hornstein of Greater Philadelphia Economy League and Vanessa Briggs of Brandywine Community Health Foundation. 

Across the globe, and in Seattle, there has been a rapid rise in the number of social sector innovators and entrepreneurs who want to find innovative ways to solve or “move the needle” on society’s problems, and they are increasingly deploying the methods of business and private capital if that helps them to do so. They include people in the social sector who can now tap the markets for finance in addition to seeking grants from donors, and philanthropists who are willing to fund innovative ideas and businesses driven by social entrepreneurs and social sector organizations if they offer a greater likelihood of achieving the social impact they desire. The force capable of driving a social sector revolution is Seattle’s social innovation, enterprise, and partnerships that harness innovation, entrepreneurship, partnerships and capital to power social impact. 

We hope this edition (article summaries are below) will achieve our mission to inspire leaders and organizations to dream; create the space for leaders to tap into their own creativity to innovate; endow leaders with the tools and knowledge to launch and grow their ideas; challenge leaders to become better versions of themselves; and transform leaders and their companies.   

Yours in innovation,

Nicholas Torres
Tine Hansen-Turton
 
SIJ Co-Founders

 

“Greater Seattle's Social Innovation, Social Enterprises, and Public/Private Partnerships” 

Article Summaries 

 

What Could Be Possible If the Successful Americans Choose Connection Over Comparison?

Nate Bochsler, JD

Too often the successful people in America are caught in a never-ending rat race where no matter how much they acquire, they are no happier. We can shift them and consequently a large segment of the population if they realize they can be happier if they start to connect to humanity rather than compare. Through self-compassion and loving kindness meditation humanity will start to connect rather than compare as is the current case through our damaged lens of self-esteem. By taking a unique approach to transforming our society by addressing the needs of the successful rather than the unsuccessful we can impact larger numbers more quickly.

 

Empowering Diverse and Environmentally Sustainable Communities Starts with Engagement from Within

William Chen, ECOSS

Immigrants and refugees make up almost 20% of Seattle’s population. Yet these communities are some of the most underserved by environmental initiatives. Long-time Seattle residents may intuitively understand the safety of their drinking water or where to find information on hiking. But language, cultural and lifestyle differences prevent immigrants and refugees from accessing the same public services, education and opportunities. ECOSS’ New Arrivals program changes this dynamic via community-centered multicultural outreach. We build trust with communities by engaging them in their language and respecting their diversity. We build effective partnerships with public and private agencies that are committed to environmental justice and equity. And we empower immigrant and refugee communities to lead their own unique outdoors trips, connect with their environment and become environmentally resilient.

 

To Fund or Not to Fund: THAT is the Question

Anna Choi

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, a staggering 92 percent of U.S. businesses are microbusinesses -- defined as a business with one to five employees, counting the owner.

Despite this vast majority, many investors assume that all startups want to be the next household brand. Therefore, funding is required to build and hire the right team to eventually exit the business with a sale, acquisition, or initial public offering, and 10x the investor’s return. This is where the current funding paradigm falls short.

Yet, Microbusinesses (which studies show are mostly comprised of young people, women, and/or minorities) often don’t want to exit. They may not even want a team. They want the income and freedom that allows them to spend time with their family or travel. They are far away from the typical startup founder spending hours and hours hustling to make the next do-or-die round of funding.

 

Spend Like It Matters: Leveraging Consumer Spending Toward a More Inclusive Economy

Laura Clise, Founder & CEO, Intentionalist

We are all familiar with the link between consumer spending and the health of the economy, but what role might consumer spending play toward a more inclusive economy? Rapid growth and gentrification in cities from New York, to San Francisco, to Seattle and beyond have given rise to questions regarding the extent to which rising economic prosperity is or is not equitable and inclusive. In the exploration of how to facilitate more inclusive economic growth, consumer spending is an underleveraged potential driver due to the opacity consumers face when trying to decipher who benefits from the money they spend. Intentionalist is a social enterprise technology startup working to bridge the gap between the growing number of consumers who want to support the diverse local businesses that shape our communities and their ability to easily find and support them.

  

This Seattle-based Organization Proves that Skilled Volunteers Make a Real Impact, at Home and Abroad

Mark Horoszowski, co-founder & CEO, MovingWorlds.org

In the past five years there has been a firestorm against “voluntourists” as report after report demonstrates that when people pay to volunteer their skills overseas, they often create more harm than good. This is not only true for volunteering, but really, for much of philanthropy. While many backed away from voluntourism to avoid the bad press, our startup social enterprise leaned into this issue, analyzing every stage of the process: How do you find organizations that actually want volunteers? How do you filter organizations that will truly benefit from hosting volunteers? How do you select volunteers with the right know-how and motivations? How do you ensure that matches turn into productive relationships? How do prepare both parties for these cross-cultural experiences? How do you track impact so you can keep improving the way you match, prepare, and support both parties?

 

What’s Data Got to Do with It? Combined Sewage Overflows and Community Action

Suzie Housley, Ph.D., StormSensor, Inc.

Combined sewage systems (CSSs), in which rain and sanitary sewage are mixed together and discharged into local waters, are one of the leading sources of water pollution in the United States. The sources of this pollution are, to a large extent, controlled—and contributed—by the communities that surround the waters to which their sewage is released. All communities with CSSs must incorporate a form of public participation in their long-term control plans in an effort to mitigate their impact. Ideally, public participation could evolve from traditional, passive sharing of information to active community engagement with a measurable reduction in water pollution. StormSensor, a Seattle-based tech startup, proposes that more active solutions are possible if the current gap in empirical data can be filled in a way that is cost effective, efficient, and easy for communities of all sizes to adapt.

 

Seattle Leading the Way

Luni Libes, founder / Managing Director of Fledge, Co-founder of investorflow.org and Faculty at Presidio Graduate School

Is Seattle the leading city for social good?

 

Recovery Café Network

David Uhl, MPA

More people are dying of drug overdose than died of AIDS at the height of that epidemic, over 72,000 in 2017. Prevention, treatment and recovery are three legs of the same stool to reduce this epidemic. The third leg, especially communities of recovery support, provides hope to reverse this epidemic and help individuals build lives they are excited about living. Founded in 2004 in Seattle, the Recovery Café model is an effective way to deliver community based recovery support that is different other recovery centers or fellowship halls. Using a Membership approach, this person-centered recovery oriented system of care supports a person as they establish a healthy life and continues to provide the stability they need to thrive. Since 2016, the Recovery Café model has spread to 11 cities in 5 states and DC with more groups working to bring this healing model to their communities.

 

Smart City Tourism

Chaitra Vedullapalli, Co-Founder/CMO, Meylah Corporation

Meylah brings Smart City Tourism IoT solution to Grays Harbor with help from Microsoft, HPE and other partners.

 

En Español

Dear Reader,

As we continue sharing the tools and knowledge of social innovations across the globe, we are honored to present this edition titled: Social Innovation’s Ecosystem in Mexico. We’d like to thank and recognize the Center for High Impact Social Innovation (CISAI) for their partnership that made this edition possible. CISAI, as with many international organizations, is the result of academic and research institutions joining forces with public institutions. CISAI seeks to contribute to social justice through social innovation and consolidation of the social innovation ecosystem. CISAI defines innovation within the context provided by Phills and Deiglmeier1 of the Stanford Business School as a novel solution to a social problem that is more effective, efficient, sustainable, or just than existing solutions and for which the value created accrues primarily to society as a whole rather than private individuals.    

In this edition, the reader will find initiatives promoted by civil society organizations, social enterprises, start-ups, public agencies, and universities with a great diversity of topics. We encourage you to read the introduction article to this edition as it provides a macro context to the social innovations movement within Mexico. 

In every developing social innovations ecosystem we find social innovators, those individuals, groups, collectives, start-ups, civic communities, that generate, share, and promote new ideas and ways of doing and thinking. These social innovators, despite institutional, policy, or societal barriers, continue to press for change on behalf of the greater society. Yet, many of these social innovators experience limited success because fertile ground for their ideas to take root doesn’t yet exist. 

To facilitate greater progress, defined as more social innovation ideas taking root, regional leaders are investing in the development of ecosystems as they realize that working in isolation will not help social innovation take hold. The emerging theory, based upon our recent ecosystem publications, is that through investment in strong cross sector (government, private, not-for-profit) ecosystems, social innovation ideas find rich soil to grow. To accomplish cross sector ecosystem development regions are investing in the creation of communities where key players can network in person and utilize technology-connecting platforms. This trend recognizes the value of social innovators and is creating avenues for individuals to connect within all levels of public, private, and not-for-profit institutions. We witnessed this trend in the Asia edition and see it confirmed in the Mexico edition. 

At the Social Innovations Journal, we believe the potential of good ideas to inspire more good ideas cannot be underestimated. As we attempted to focus this edition on Mexico’s social innovations we learned that every obstacle we encountered lost its power in the face of the irrepressible force of shared knowledge and ideas, and resulted, organically, with good ideas finding their own way to the surface to accomplish social impact and inspire more good ideas.  

Yours in Innovation,

Nicholas Torres 
Co-Founder

Tine Hansen-Turton
Co-Founder

 

1 Phills Jr., Deiglmeier, Miller, Rediscovering Social Innovation, (Stanford Social Innovation Review, 2008) 

Dear Reader,

The Social Innovations Journal is driven by the belief that the potential for good ideas to inspire more good ideas cannot be underestimated. We must ask the question whether this belief holds true and is it enough?  Ashoka, the world’s oldest and most significant leader in the field of social entrepreneurship, asked a similar question and in doing so designed a study in 1998 to measure Ashoka Fellows’ impact and began to track independent replication, policy change, and persistence as approximate measures of systems change. 

20 years later, the articles in this edition titled: “From Social Entrepreneurship to Everyone a Changemaker -- 40 Years of Social Innovation,” point to what’s next curated by Ashoka, plumb the data gathered in a more recent extensive study comprised of survey and interviews conducted by Ashoka over the past year and validated by LUISS University in Rome. The results paint a rich portrait of how and what it takes for social entrepreneurs, identified by Ashoka as changemakers, to thrive and succeed in rapidly changing contexts.  

Diana Wells, Ashoka President, in the introductory and framing article, states that what matters most in determining a changemaker’s impact is not the size of one’s budget nor the number of those directly served. Rather measures of impact include: independent replication, public policy change, market change, and shifting mindsets, and can be measured, as seen in Ashoka’s image below, through direct service, scaled direct service, systems change, and/or framework change metrics. In other words, the most effective social entrepreneurs are those whose models help everyone be problem solvers. Ashoka defines itself through systems change and widespread framework change. 

Returning to our question on whether the potential for good ideas to inspire more good ideas holds true and is it enough, we conclude that it is because it is stimulating the environment and context for all individuals to be problem solvers and changemakers. The journal challenges our academic and professional institutions to change not only the way they operate but the way they support young people and employees. People, despite their age or geographic location, need to know and feel what it means to co-lead teams and empower others to address a problem that they are experiencing. Peter Goldmark, former Publisher of the International Herald Tribune and former President of the Rockefeller Foundation once said, “Ashoka has shown how to invest successfully in pattern-breaking, powerful ideas and the people behind them -- and how to do so early when a little makes an enormous difference -- when hope can overcome cynicism, when tenacity can prevail over inertia. It has given us all the lessons in how to harness the most powerful energy in the world  -- human talent -- to the task of adapting  to the demands of the 21st century. We could not agree more.

Carol Sanford, in her most recent book: The Regenerative Business, agrees as she emphasizes that successful businesses today stop the practice of motivating people with incentives, rewards, and recognition, and shift to fostering initiative and self-management. She states that just important as technical skills, people need to develop a regenerative mindset defined by the fundamental characteristics of 1.) a desire to grow and improve, 2.) a motivation to engage and learn from others, and 3.) derive meaning from contributing to something larger than themselves.

We thank Diana Wells, Alessandro Valera, Sara Wilf, and Terry Donovan for the countless hours of curating and compiling their collective 40 years of experience, knowledge, and research into this edition which will be the driving force shaping how the global social sector approaches social innovation. We are inspired by Ashoka and because of their work we can imagine a world where Everyone is a Changemaker and where we all live in a Changemaker World. 

We hope this edition will achieve our mission to inspire leaders and organizations to become changemakers; create the space for leaders to tap into their own creativity to innovate; empower leaders with the tools and knowledge to launch and grow their ideas; challenge leaders to become more empathetic; and transform everyone into a leader in a team of team’s world. 

Yours in changemaking,

Nicholas Torres
Tine Hansen-Turton
 
SIJ Co-Founders

 

Ashoka 2018 Article Summaries

 

From Social Entrepreneurship to Everyone a Changemaker: 
40 Years of Social Innovation Point to What’s Next

Diana Wells

Ashoka launched the field of social entrepreneurship in 1980, and today it is the largest global association of social entrepreneurs. This article provides an overview for the journal issue that focuses on insights from Ashoka’s Global Impact Study of its network of social entrepreneurs with the following 10 articles ranging from regional, gender, sector, and subject matter analyses. Over the last decade, new technologies have enabled transformations in communications, media, and financial systems that have accelerated the pace of change and radically opened new means for citizen participation. In this context, social entrepreneurship has become a globally recognized practice, welcoming corporate, university, and government participation in the movement previously dominated by the nonprofit and philanthropic sectors. This article summarizes pioneering insights of Ashoka that serve as the foundation for the field, and it updates our thinking on the impact of our Fellows based on evidence from our most comprehensive survey of our global network of 3,500 social entrepreneurs in 92 countries. These data confirm the core framework for Ashoka's current vision of realizing an Everyone a Changemaker world."

 

How Ashoka Fellows Create Systems Change: New Learnings and Insights from the 2018 Global Fellows Study

Sara Wilf

Since Ashoka first began electing Fellows in the early 1980s, our selection criteria and impact measurement metrics have mirrored Fellows’ single-minded focus on spreading an idea rather than achieving traditional private sector measures of “scale.” Based on this view, Ashoka first began measuring Fellows’ systems change in 1998. In this article we will use Ashoka’s systems change measures of independent replication, mindset shift, public policy change, and markets change, to share both a “big vision” picture of Fellows’ systems-level impact emerging from the study, and new insights we’re learning from a more in-depth analysis of Fellows’ systems change achievements.

 

Ashoka’s Role in Maximizing the Impact of the Social Entrepreneurs Elected as Ashoka Fellows

Alessandro Valera 

Ashoka’s previous effort in gauging the impact of its works focused mostly on the systemic change that its Fellows achieved five and 10 years after election. The aim of the 2018 Ashoka Fellows Global Study was to go further and enquire what role Ashoka played in accelerating that impact. This paper will present the evidence that has emerged from both the quantitative and qualitative side of the Global Study which confirms that a large majority of Fellows have found benefits from their association with Ashoka in terms of systems change thinking, leadership, reception of practical help, and connection to other fellows and Ashoka staff and third parties within the network. We will also present the evidence that working with Ashoka has made large number of fellows change their strategies while continuing to focus on the resolution of the social or environmental problem they had originally sought to solve.

 

Redefining Success for Women Social Entrepreneurs

Iman Bibars

Women in leadership positions across the globe and in all sectors have not reached the desired or deserved rates. In the for-profit sector, women constitute only 31 percent of leaders in the U.S. and approximately 18 percent in the UK. However, over 36 years and across 88 countries, 38 percent of leading social entrepreneurs elected by Ashoka have been women. Ashoka is the largest network of social entrepreneurs in the world, and with more than 1,200 leading women social entrepreneurs, marks the world’s largest resource for knowledge on women in social entrepreneurship. In this article, we leverage the compelling results of Ashoka’s 2018 Global Impact Study to argue that women in the social entrepreneurship field have excelled and have created impact that affects deep and lasting social change. However, we also highlight two very important aspects in the journey of women changemakers: first, that they face pervasive gender-specific challenges that can disrupt the achievement of their full potential. Secondly and more importantly, success and growth in social impact have been narrowly defined to the neglect of more encompassing descriptions, systematically excluding women social entrepreneurs from being widely acknowledged as successful by the mainstream. The insights within this article tell the story of how women’s leadership and success can and must be redefined from a gender perspective, transforming how women, and indeed all social entrepreneurs, are perceived in the field.

 

What Top Social Entrepreneurs Are Telling Us: Early Changemaking Stays with You for a Lifetime

Claire Fallender and Ross Hall 

In a world of rapid change, value comes from how people adapt to and guide positive change rather than from simply following rules or routines or from blind repetition. In this article, the authors look at the world’s largest network of top change leaders -- Ashoka Fellows -- to see what factors led them to become changemakers. Nearly half of these leading social entrepreneurs -- regardless of geography and gender --started changemaking (i.e. solving a problem they cared about) before the age of 20. They named their most important influences as their parents and teachers. The authors explore what implications this data might have both for the priorities that define our education systems as well as for the kinds of support parents and teachers need to guide young people to lead young: follow their passions, find creative solutions, create teams, and experience changemaking at an early age.     

 

The Roots of Social Change: Young Changemaking in Global Context

Michael Gordon and Sara Wilf

A number of research studies have examined the field of entrepreneurship in an effort to understand the social, environmental, and personal antecedents of entrepreneurship. While these studies provide key insights to understand the origins of entrepreneurship, they may be misleading in the context of social entrepreneurship because entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs have different primary motivations. Our interest in this article is in understanding if early experiences and behavior in childhood and adolescence are a factor in determining an individual’s journey as a social entrepreneur. With the 2018 Fellows study data, we can go a step further and attempt to use childhood experiences to predict which social entrepreneurs are likely to produce extraordinary social transformation by comparing the 2018 findings with data collected through Ashoka Changemaker’s Pulse study.

 

The Emerging Ecosystem for Social Innovators

Dina H. Sherif and Maria Clara Pinheiro

When it comes to entrepreneurship and social change, the existence of enabling and supportive ecosystems is a key ingredient and catalyst. Organizations like Ashoka who are working to promote social entrepreneurship often find themselves asking the question: Have we succeeded in creating the kind of ecosystem necessary to support social entrepreneurs? While many of us working in the sector may constantly debate the concept of an ecosystems framework, one reality remains -- social innovators might be able to survive without an ecosystem of support, but it is highly unlikely that they will thrive. Vibrant ecosystems of support are necessary for truly transformative systems change. What ecosystems do to support social innovators is as significant as what social innovators do to transform ecosystems. This article will take a close look at what matters to Ashoka Fellows as a guide to building better and stronger ecosystems of support.  

 

Let’s Bust the Lone Hero Myth: The Role of Collective Leadership in Systems Change

Reem Rahman

There’s a myth that still needs to be busted. It’s the idea that the main way that social change happens is with a hero, that change won’t happen until we have a charismatic leader to show the way. This article presents evidence for how collaborations -- and the collective leadership needed to achieve them -- have been central to the most effective pathways for social change, and deserving of greater recognition.  

 

Everyone is a Changemaker, But is Every Change the Right One? 
Assessing the Alignment Between Ashoka Fellows’ Missions and the Most Urgent Issues Affecting Their Countries 

Mattia Margonari, Lumen Ventures & ERShub; Francesca Capo, LUISS & ERShub, Francesco Rullani, LUISS & ERShub; and Luca Mongelli, PUSC & ERShub

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are of primary importance and help to concretely define the most urgent issues the world is facing as a whole, by analyzing the relative problems and bottlenecks, and promoting clearly identified avenues to solve them. With the most urgent issues at hand, it becomes pivotal for Ashoka and its network of social entrepreneurs to understand how far they have gone in tackling them, and which paths to walk to achieve a more pervasive social impact and scale.  

In this article we offer a perspective on this point by the analysis of the “Alignment Issue-Mission” (AIM) index, that we created to measure the alignment between the most urgent issues faced by a country and the mission pursued by the Ashoka fellows operating in it. We computed the AIM index for all projects fellows undertake in each country and analyzed how its distribution changed over time between 2014 and 2017. Additionally, we also separated fellows’ projects in groups according to their technology familiarization, profit-seeking intentions, and community-building purposes, and checked the difference in the AIM index among these groups.  

 

The Need for Transformative Alliances Between Social Entrepreneurs and the Private Sector

Arnaud Mourot

Today’s global issues have changed so dramatically in size and complexity that no single class of player can pretend to solve them alone. As a result, alliances have been forged to tackle major issues (access to vaccines, new forms of energy, and food) but very often in emergency contexts, and most of the time led by government or private donation programs. Yet in a world marked by an increasing rate of change, social problems have become so widespread and numerous that these classical alliances between international or local NGOs and international bodies are no longer sufficient. New types of approaches must be invented that leverage market dynamics to solve our world’s most entrenched and challenging issues. Ashoka Fellows, two-thirds of whom have partnered with for-profit companies, are leading the way on transformative alliances with the private sector. In this article we will share best practices and lessons from our Fellows on creating transformative change through strategic business alliances.

 

Case Study 1: Contextualizing Changemaking: Case Study on Ashoka Fellows in Asia

Irene Wu

Decades of international development has taught us many valuable lessons, including the importance of contextualizing problems and solutions. While the principle may seem obvious, much of the contextualization is deeply embedded in social norms and are thus highly implicit and not easily noticed. The field of social entrepreneurship is no different: while leading social entrepreneurs -- Ashoka Fellows -- across the world may share certain common traits, they too, are influenced by their respective societal rules and cultures. This highlights the necessity of applying contextual lenses when examining both the social solutions as well as the creators of these solutions.

Using the data collected from the most recent Ashoka Global Fellows Survey, we illustrate the abovementioned point with a focus on the East and Southeast Asia regions. Although East and Southeast Asia vary in their modern historical trajectories, significant similarities remain in much of their cultural imprint including conformity and compliance, deference to social hierarchy, and traditional conservatism. These unique characteristics of East and Southeast Asian societies have undoubtedly casted various degrees of influence on social entrepreneurs from these regions, both in terms of their own experience in changemaking and informing the strategy with which they approach systems and framework change.

To understand Fellows’ own personal journeys of changemaking, we look at the age at which Fellows joined someone else's initiative to create a solution to a social problem as well as the age at which they personally took the initiative to create a solution to a social problem. To explore youth-related strategies Fellows utilize to scale their work, we look at the percentage of Fellows who put young people (0-18) in charge of leading initiatives/projects within their organizations, the percentage of Fellows who encourage young people (0-18) to create independent initiatives to spread or scale their work, and the percentage of Fellows whose ideas focus on influencing societal mindsets/cultural norms.

 

Case Study 2: Impacting Public Policy Collectively in the Field of Migration in Europe

Kenny Clewett

Systems change includes impacting public policy. This is why a key metric to measure Ashoka Fellows’ success is how they have impacted public policy. As the world becomes more globally connected and complex, we need models that help social innovators impact public policy more quickly, deeply, and collectively. This article outlines such a model in the area of migration, integration, and refugee movements in Europe and how we foresee this kind of work spreading to other sectors across the globe.

Dear Reader,

In coordination with The Network: Towards Unity for Health (The Network) 2018 Conference, we are excited to launch this edition titled “Social Innovations in Community Empowerment for Health Across the Globe.”   

The Social Innovations Journal is driven by the belief that “the potential for good ideas to inspire more good ideas cannot be underestimated,” this aligns perfectly with The Network’s mission to foster equitable, community-oriented health services. Through education, research, and policies The Network is bringing together innovative health care organizations, educational institutions, and individuals from around the world in their shared commitment to improving the health of their respective communities.

The current need for innovation in community empowerment for health is evident, and though difficult, a path forward has been laid out. By creating spaces of encounter for academia, state, the private sector, and civil society the next steps towards more sustainable, innovative models and necessary policy adoptions are crystal clear.

Bill Burdick, Vice President for Education at FAIMER, captured the essence and importance of this edition by stating, “Empowerment implies listening and shared decision-making with an emphasis on communication and partnership, without which empowerment is not possible.” 

We hope you read these articles (summarized below) to gain a greater sense of the promise of community empowerment for health initiatives across the globe. These articles cover topics including how community members are generating their own solutions to complex medical and psychosocial challenges; strategies for community-based participatory research; embracing cultural and ethnic diversity in mainstream health advances; developing strategies to create sustainable partnerships among university, local, and global communities to improve the health of populations through engagement and entrepreneurial collaboration; as well as strategies to adapt a government’s general practitioner system to meet the diverse and complex health needs of its communities. 

We’d like to extend a special thank you to FAIMER for their collaboration on this edition and for providing access to the amazing individuals, initiatives, and ideas that will be presented at the 2018 TUFH Conference.  

Sincerely,

Nicholas Torres
Tine Hansen-Turton
 
SIJ Co-Founders

William Burdick
Vice President for Education
FAIMER

 

“Social Innovations in Community Empowerment for Health Across the Globe” 

Article Summaries 

Mobile Health Clinics: Providing Free Health Care and Support to Vulnerable Individuals and Families in Communities Neighboring a University 

Maryellen D. Brisbois PhD, RN PHCNS-BC University of Massachusetts Dartmouth College of Nursing

Challenges in reaching the most vulnerable in the community were identified at collaborative community forums held in Southeast Massachusetts, United States (US) in 2014 with University of Massachusetts

Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth) leaders, social service agencies and providers of healthcare services. The barriers to accessing care and health maintenance among this aggregate were associated with lack of transportation, transient status, and being uninsured or underinsured. UMass Dartmouth College of Nursing students and faculty created a Global Health Collaborative (GHC) university student club to identify the vulnerable footprint in Fall River and New Bedford, and neighborhoods adjacent to UMass Dartmouth.

The mission was to create sustainable partnerships among the colleges in the university, local community, and global community to improve the health of populations through engagement and entrepreneurial collaboration. The purpose of the Collaborative was to develop global partnerships, increase global awareness of health-related issues, establish intercultural relationships, deliver culturally competent care to diverse populations, and respect the beliefs, values, cultures, religions, and practices of the populations the College collaborates with.

 

Safe Survival of Adolescent Girls with Unwanted Advanced Pregnancy

Dr. S. Chhabra, Emeritus Professor, Obstetrics Gynecology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram; Officer on Special Duty, Dr. Sushila Nayar Hospital, Utawali, Amravati Melghat; and Chief Executive Officer, Akanksha, Shishu Kalyan Kendra, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Adolescents with unwanted advanced pregnancies who seek a late-term abortion are in danger of getting killed and the babies are in danger of dying in utero, immediately after birth, or shortly after during infancy. Complications from unsafe interventions remain a major public health issue globally. Social responsiveness can help mothers with unwanted advanced pregnancy. Girls who reported abortions for pregnancy beyond 20 weeks (India’s abortion law) were counseled, offered medical, social, and financial help to safely deliver and legally surrender their baby to the Babies’ Home under the legal system. It was a long journey full of obstacles until a system of local legal adoption was finally established. Over three decades 547 girls were helped, with the youngest only 12 years of age. Of the girls helped, 147 were victims of rape who were in consensual relationships but under 18 and unable to give consent under Indian law, while 26 girls were victims of sexual assaults. In addition, abandoned babies were brought in by police from temples, railways, hospitals, and farms. The mission of preventing deaths and disabilities, honor killings, and dangerous interventions to terminate unwanted pregnancies is enabling young women to lead normal lives and providing a means of safe survival for babies who are being welcomed with open arms by parents across globe. 

 

Establishment of General Practitioners’ System via Refactory of Interest Pattern Based on “Internet+”

Wei Dong-hai, Feng Xinxian, Zhang Chen-fu, Gu Yan-jue, Cao Xiao-wen, and, Tang Kailin. 

Establishing a general practitioners’ system is a significant and difficult point of medical reform in China. The key problem of establishing a general practitioners’ system is that qualified general practitioners who have undergone the standardized training will be the gatekeepers of health. Presently, the general practitioners in China are short-handed and the training and employment of general practitioners are out of line. This will cause an impasse in the establishment of a general practitioner system. There are many reasons for the impasse, but this paper argues that the core reason is the traditional pattern of interests is solidified and the new pattern of interests has not been established. The authors suggest that the government in the process of pushing grading diagnosis and treatment, could be refactoring the pattern of interests via fusion between Internet and medicine based on “Internet +” to create a win-win situation, in order to push the establishment of a general practitioner system.

 

Role of Medical Students in Empowering Community and Health Promotion in Wad-Abuoshar Cillage, Gezira State, Sudan (2016-2018)

Yassein Elhussein, 4th year medical student at University of Gezira-faculty of Medicine, Sudan 

This project was designed in an integrated approach, which helps a lot in project success and the huge improvement of community health. The project works because it was achieved through applying the primary health care concepts in community lead initiatives and community empowerment, it also enhanced the role of the multi-sectorial approach in project success. The project was implemented using a clear methodology and strategic planning and the community was involved in all stages of the project: selection, planning, implementation, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation. The public has been mobilized and empowered by strengthening and encouraging its involvement in solving its various problems, while also enhancing the role of sector integration in the success of the project and creation of relationships between different institutions and society. It demonstrated that health promotion and disease prevention have a role in socioeconomic development and can also solve the village’s basic problems. This article reflects a great effort by medical students, it also serves as a model of community empowerment for health promotion. Students have an impact on community health as they help lead community initiatives towards health promotion throughout different programs, projects, and opportunities. 

 

The Prevalence of Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases Among Children with Special Needs at Children with Special Needs Centers in Wad Madani City -Al Gazera State 2017

Hiba Allah elnima Elkhwad, M.Sc Public Health

This article covers the oral health of disabled children and advocates for the promotion of dental health care among children with special needs.

 

Affirm and Acknowledge: Social Innovation through Culturally Appopriate Research with Communities

Dr. Lorenza Fluks, Chief Researcher in the Human and Social Development Research Program at Human Sciences Research Council and Professor Heidi Van Rooyen, Executive Director in the Human and Social Development Research Program at the Human Sciences Research Council

Community-based participatory research approaches can be useful for stimulating social innovation. Such approaches involve community members at various phases of the research process and have several positive outcomes for the research and communities. This paper discusses the community mobilization approaches that are at the heart of research on HIV and related issues conducted in a rural community in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. We present affirmation and acknowledgement as an innovative and empowering strategy in community mobilization, as it affirms community members’ voices, dignity, and agency concerning issues that affect their lives.

 

The Solutions Studio: A Physician-Run Social Innovation Lab

Dr. Christine Gibson, MD FCFP MMedEd, University of Calgary Department of Family Medicine

Social innovation in the context of a community health center that serves marginalized populations can achieve agency and empowerment of community members. Through a social innovation lab process at The Solutions Studio, a physician of The Alex Community Health Centre in Canada has launched a series of such processes. Community members with specific lived experiences are invited to generate solutions to their own complex medical and psychosocial challenges.

 

The Power of the University and the Community Working Together

María de la Paz Grebe, Angel Centeno, Soledad Campos, Claudia Lascano, Facultad de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Austral, Argentina

La Posta las Lila is the promotion project developed by a private university that for more than 10 years has become a primary care center where the community actively learns, develops, and improves their quality of life. The university has built a model of social commitment that arises from its institutional mission.

 

Strengthening Primary Health Care and Response to Tropical Disease Epidemics in Remote Areas: RockHealth Integrated Care Organization (RICO) EIRA Model

Hakeem Rabuka Kiboi and Dr. Tirus Wachira Ndegwa, Kenyatta University and RockHealth Integrated Care Organization

Infections have had a compelling act in human history with one of the predominance of infectious diseases being the unpredictable nature they tend towards and the potential for an explosive effect. According to experiences from pandemics such as the 2009 H1N1 influenza they presented a public health emergency, but most importantly exposed a couple of deficiencies and vulnerabilities in not only the global approach to the outbreak, but also the national and local public health capacities. It is for this reason that RockHealth Integrated Care Org. (RICO) Epidemiology-Informed Resource Allocation (EIRA) Model to Strengthening Primary Health Care and Response to Communicable Disease Epidemics was designed. Through the RICO EIRA model, epidemiological data provides insight and intelligence to improve the response and preparedness beyond planning. Such data, when available at local health facilities, helps in improving the primary health care system and strengthening an evidence-based response (Brownstein JS et al, 2).

 

The Influence of Physical Growth and Related Factors in Age of Attaining Menarche in Rural School Girls

Riya Mariam Jacob, final year MBBS student, MOSC Medical College; Dr. Miriam G. Fenn, Assistant Professor of Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, MOSC Medical College; and Dr. Anna Mathew, Professor of Department of Pharmacology, MOSC Medical College.

“The Influence of Physical Growth and Related Factors in Attaining Age of Menarche” was a cross-sectional study of 227 rural school going girls. It was found that there was prevalence of 37 percent of early onset of menarche with physical parameters like weight, waist circumference, and BMI having a significant impact on the early onset of menarche. Time spent using computers and watching television had an even more significant impact on girls attaining early onset of menarche due to a sedentary life style. This article’s purpose is to initiate efforts to change life style activities to promote a healthier life for girls entering adolescence.

 

Mobile Health Clinics: Providing Free Health Care and Support to Vulnerable Individuals and Families in Communities Neighboring a University 

Dede Atsu Kobla Latey, final year medical student, University of Ghana School of Medicine and Dentistry and Founder, MindIT Mental Health Service.

Challenges in reaching the most vulnerable of the community were identified at collaborative community forums held in Southeast Massachusetts, United States (U.S.) in 2014 with University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth) leaders, social service agencies, and providers of healthcare services. The barriers to accessing care and health maintenance among this aggregate were associated with lack of transportation, transient status, and being uninsured or underinsured. UMass Dartmouth College of Nursing students and faculty created a Global Health Collaborative (GHC) university student club to identify the vulnerable footprint in Fall River and New Bedford, and neighborhoods adjacent to UMass Dartmouth. The mission was to create sustainable partnerships among the colleges in the university and the local and global community to improve the health of populations through engagement and entrepreneurial collaboration. The purpose of the collaborative was to develop global partnerships, increase global awareness of health-related issues, establish intercultural relationships, deliver culturally competent care to diverse populations, and respect the beliefs, values, cultures, religions, and practices of the populations the College collaborates with.

 

Responding to the Call of the Community; an Opportunity for Interprofessional Student Engagement?  

Fiona McDonald, Dip COT, MSc OT, Regional Placement Facilitator, Occupational Therapy Practice Education Team, School of Allied Health in the University of Limerick; Tanya McGarry, BSc OT, MSc OT, Regional Placement Facilitator, Occupational Therapy Practice Education Team, School of Allied Health, University of Limerick; Donal O’Leary, Access Campus Coordinator in Student Affairs, University of Limerick; and Dr. Nancy Salmon, BSc OT, MSc OT, PhD, Lecturer in Occupational Therapy in the School of Allied Health in the University of Limerick

Practice Education is a core component in the training of healthcare professionals, with fieldwork providing important opportunities to consolidate curriculum-based teaching through the integration of theory with practice. The School of Allied Health (SAH) in the University of Limerick (UL), has a long history of engagement in innovative community-based student placements; developed to expand placement capacity and offer a different learning opportunity to students. Research conducted by SAH demonstrates that the outcomes of these collaborative fieldwork placements had been predominantly positive, but host organizations also requested the establishment of a more sustainable model of university engagement with services and communities. Responding to this call, the Occupational Therapy Practice Education Team (OT PET) engaged in an extensive process of face-to-face collaboration to map community need and identify opportunities for sustainable engagement through on-going student fieldwork placements. On completion, it was identified that a funded community-based student-led clinic was an optimal means of meeting the needs of all stakeholders and maintaining a continual HEI presence in the local regeneration areas of Limerick City.

 

The Street Children Project

Faith Ubi Okoi

This article is centered on the plight of street children and how they can be salvaged from the street through the support of a foundation providing clothing, vocational training, and medical services to help them achieve a better quality of life and better tomorrow today.

 

Global Sharing-Local Caring: Promoting Best Practices in Local Communities Through International Dialogue Among Nurses

Helder Rocha Pereira PhD, RN, Coordinator Professor University of the Azores School of Health (UAc) Alberto C.M.; Duarte MS, RN, Adjunct Professor UAc School of Health; Maryellen Brisbois, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor UMass Dartmouth College of Nursing; Barbara Quintanova, RN Post-Graduate Student, UAc School of Health; Raquel Dutra, MS, RN, Post-Graduate Student, UAc School of Health; Rita Marques, MS, RN, Post-Graduate Student, UAc School of Health; Sara Raposa, MS, RN, Post-Graduate Student, UAc School of Health; and Sofia Cordeiro, RN Post-Graduate Student, UAc School of Health

The Global Sharing-Local Caring project emerged from the dynamics of specialized training in community nursing between the University of the Azores (UAc), Portugal, and the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth), United States (U.S.). Considering today’s globally minded health care environment and the increased importance of nurses' knowledge and skills to meaningfully interact with people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, this project represents a unique learning opportunity that allows improved health benefits at the local level and advancements in the provision of nursing care in both regions involved.

 

Comparing the Efficacy of Active and Passive Distraction for Reducing Pain and Fear During Intravenous Cannulation in Children: A Randomized Control Trial

Lisa Elizabeth Pius, Final year MBBS student; Linda Jacob, Final year MBBS student; Dr. Simi P. Varghese, Senior Resident, Department of Pediatrics; Dr. Reenu Raju, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics; Dr. Anna Mathew, Professor, Head of the Department, Department of Pharmacology; Mr. John Micheal Raj, Bio-statistician; Elizabeth Susan Varghese, final year MBBS student; Gopika S.S., final year MBBS student; and Justy J. John, Final Year MBBS student

Invasive medical procedures induce pain and fear in children. Although distraction reduces pain, certain types of distraction may be more effective, so comparison becomes important. The objectives of the study were to assess the effectiveness of listening to music (passive) compared to interactive play with an electronic toy (active) for pain relief [rated on FACES Wong Baker scale (WBS)] and decreasing fear [scored on Children’s Fear Scale (CFS)] in children undergoing venous cannulation in the pediatric ward of MOSC MCH. The methods employed in the study included parallel group, single blinded, and a randomized controlled trial were undertaken on children between the ages of two to seven years admitted to the pediatric ward of MOSC MCH. This article covers the process of the study, the results and the conclusion that active distraction relieves pain more effectively, while both active and passive distractions reduce the associated fear equally. Therefore, these methods can be easily implemented to alleviate pain and fear during intravenous cannulation in children.

 

The Effect of Body Weight on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) in Adolescent School Children from a Rural Area in South India

Navia Isaac, Medical Student at MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, India; Sanoop Kumar Sherin Sabu, Medical Student at MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, India; Dr. M.C. Mathew, Professor of Developmental Pediatrics and Child Neurology at MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, India; Dr. Anna Mathew, Research Coordinator MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, India; and Dr. John Thomas, Professor in the Department of Developmental Pediatrics and Child Neurology at MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, India

This study was conducted to find out the effect of body weight on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) in adolescent school children from a rural area in South India. The study population was 347 school-going adolescent children in the age group of 13 to 15 years attending a private school in a rural area. Obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in both developed and developing countries. Childhood obesity can lead to increased airway resistance and respiratory muscle dysfunction as a result of excess fat deposition. One of the major health problems is respiratory disorder induced by obesity especially in childhood. Central obesity carries more health risks compared to total obesity. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is a very good indicator of central obesity. Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) is accepted worldwide as the objective indicator of ventilatory capacity and is helpful for the diagnosis of respiratory illness. Several studies have shown that PEFR is lower in individuals with obesity. We planned this study to screen for pulmonary function in school going children and to assess the increased body weight in these rural adolescent school children.

 

Barriguda Project: Incorporating Cultural Competence into Education of Health Professions

Carolina Araújo Damasio Santos; Lilian Lira Lisboa; Ana Karla Monteiro Santana de Oliveira Freitas; George Dantas de Azevedo; Reginaldo Antonio de Oliveira Freitas-Júnior; and Anita Garibaldi

The need to address issues of cultural and ethnic diversity in health professions' education has been suggested as a means to improve the quality of care and reduce disparities in health care. “Quilombolas” are the descendants of enslaved Africans that maintain their ancestors culture, livelihood, and religious traditions. They commonly live in rural areas with low availability of basic infrastructure and limited access to health care. The elective module for undergraduate health courses with the subject "Cultural Competence in Health Care for Quilombola Women" was implemented, being the first discipline in Brazil to address the study of cultural competence with Quilombo remnant populations. The program inserts the students in the process of a collective prenatal care service involving health professions students from Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), and a multidisciplinary team with anthropological and educational resources on history and culture of African-Brazilian communities. In 2017, the project was one of six winners of the competition "Innovation Laboratory on Social Participation in Integral Care to Women's Health" being a successful case in the area of vulnerability and equity in women's lives and health.

Estimado Lector, 

Continuando con nuestra misión de compartir instrumentos de innovación social y conocimiento a través del planeta, tenemos el honor de presentarles esta edición titulada: Ecosistema de Innovación Social en México. Nos gustaría agradecer y hacer un reconocimiento especial al CISAI (Centro de Innovación Social de Alto Impacto) por su colaboración para hacer que, con su alianza, esta edición fuera posible. El CISAI, al igual que otras organizaciones internacionales, es el resultado de la unión de fuerzas de instituciones académicas y de investigación con instituciones públicas. CISAI busca contribuir con el logro de una justicia social a través de innovaciones sociales y la consolidación de un ecosistema de innovación social. El CISAI define la innovación dentro del contexto proporcionado por Phills y Deiglmeier1 de Stanford Business School como una solución novedosa a un problema social que es más efectiva, eficiente, y sustentable en comparación con otras soluciones existentes y que generan primordialmente un valor público a favor de la sociedad en su conjunto más que a una instancia privada. 

En esta edición, el lector encontrará iniciativas promovidas por organizaciones de la sociedad civil, empresas sociales, start-ups, agencias públicas y universidades con una gran diversidad de temas. Los invitamos a leer el artículo de introducción a esta edición ya que proporciona un contexto macro del movimiento de innovaciones sociales en México.  

En cada ecosistema de innovación social en desarrollo encontramos innovadores sociales en cabeza de personas, grupos, entes colectivos, start-ups, comunidades civiles, que están generando, compartiendo y promoviendo sus ideas y nuevas formas de actuar y de pensar. Estos innovadores sociales, a pesar de las barreras institucionales, sociales y de políticas públicas, continúan presionando por un cambio en nombre de la Sociedad en general. Sin embargo, muchos de esos innovadores sociales experimentan un éxito limitado porque aún no existe un terreno fértil para que sus ideas tomen raíces. 

Con el fin de facilitar un mayor progreso, definido como más ideas de innovación social que toman raíces, líderes regionales están invirtiendo en el desarrollo de ecosistemas ya que se han dado cuenta de que trabajando de manera aislada no logra que las innovaciones sociales crezcan y se consoliden. La teoría emergente, basada en nuestras recientes publicaciones de ecosistemas, es que a través de una inversión en fuertes ecosistemas transversales (gobierno, sector privado, y organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro) las ideas de innovación social pueden encontrar terreno fértil y enraizarse. Para lograrlo, las regiones con ecosistemas transversales en desarrollo están invirtiendo en la creación de comunidades en donde los actores claves pueden formar redes personalmente y usando las plataformas tecnológicas de conexión. Esta tendencia reconoce el valor de los innovadores sociales y está creando caminos para que las personas se conecten en todos los niveles público, privado y entre las instituciones sin ánimo de lucro. Hemos sido testigos de esta tendencia en la edición sobre Asia y lo vemos confirmado en la edición de México.  

En el Social Innovations Journal, creemos que el potencial de buenas ideas para inspirar nuevas ideas no puede ser subestimado. Tal como ocurrió en la edición de Innovaciones Sociales de México, aprendimos que cada obstáculo encontrado en el camino pierde su poder frente a la incontenible fuerza que genera compartir conocimiento e ideas, dando como resultado que, orgánicamente, las buenas ideas encuentran su propio camino hacia la luz para cumplir su misión e inspirar más nuevas ideas.  

 

De ustedes en la innovación, 

Nicholas Torres 
Co-Founder

Tine Hansen-Turton
Co-Founder

 

1 Phills Jr., Deiglmeier, Miller, Rediscovering Social Innovation, (Stanford Social Innovation Review, 2008) 

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